Rwandan agriculture sector accounts for 33% of the national GDP and employs 70% of the population. Though it is the mainstay of the country’s economy, the agricultural sector presents a strong dependence on rainfalls and vulnerability to climate shocks. Notably, excessive rainfalls that lead to floods, landslides, land degradation and/or soil erosion, prolonged drought, windstorms, adding to pests and diseases. Index-based crop insurance is one of the key tools to mitigate agricultural risks and unpredictable crop losses, thus improve farmer resilience against climate change and increase access to agro-financial services. The most prevalent index-based insurance products are area yield index insurance (AYII) and weather index insurance (WII). These insurance products require historical and current data on weather and crop yields. The use of EO data could not only provide information on crop health and yield, but also crops that have been affected/damaged by weather (excessive rainfall or prolonged drought), over time.