Categories: Land Use, Crop Monitoring, Water Consumption

Drought is the major disaster affecting food production, alone drought accounts (FAO [RD.3]) for the 37% of the crop and livestock losses by disasters in the period 2005 to 2014. The Drought service tackles with two main types of drought; meteorological and agricultural drought. Meteorological drought is defined by a precipitation deficiency threshold over a predetermined period of time. In turn agricultural drought is defined by the availability of soil water to support crop and forage growth than by the departure of normal precipitation over some specified period of time. The impact of drought on food production depends on the intensity, duration and spatial coverage of drought. Copping with the effects of drought and decision making aimed at mitigating its impacts and the enhancement of drought adaptation and resilience, require the assessment of past drought events, on the go monitoring and medium to short range early warning.